One popular idea is that Candida is now able to do this because it has evolved to exist in a warmer world. Fungi often cannot resist the warmth of the human body.    “This is how climate change or global warming may bring diseases, because organisms in the environment must adapt to survive and therefore have the potential to thrive in humans,” says Arturo Casadevall, a microbiologist at Johns Hopkins College. Bloomberg Public Health who studied mushrooms.    The program is credited by experts with reviving interest in fungal diseases, which had previously been overshadowed by viral and bacterial infections as pathogens captured the public's attention. Despite its potentially fatal effects, the CDC emphasizes that hospitals can control the spread of Candida if they prioritize surveillance, hand hygiene, and thorough cleaning with appropriate disinfectants.
Wessam Khraisat 10 months ago
admin #health

Dangerous fungus is quickly spreading throughout American healthcare facilities.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Monday that a deadly, highly drug-resistant fungus is spreading at an "alarming rate" in long-term care hospitals and other health care institutions that care for seriously ill patients.

The number of fungal infections caused by the Candida auris yeast strain jumped from 476 in 2019 to 1,471 in 2021, according to CDC data. The number of cases in which a person is infected with the fungus but is not sick has doubled from 1,077 to 4,040 during the same time period. Preliminary data suggests that numbers may have continued to rise.


According to the researchers, healthy individuals with strong immune systems are not at risk of infection with the fungus. Medically vulnerable people, such as nursing home residents on ventilators and cancer patients treated with chemotherapy, are at risk from it. It is estimated that 30 to 70 percent of hospitalized patients who develop a bloodstream infection die.


Fungi can cause outbreaks because they persist on surfaces and spread through contact with sick people and contaminated objects, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention specialists, and the increasing spread highlights the need for effective infection control strategies.

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According to William Schaffner, MD, professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, “[Fungals] are very difficult to control and get out of the hospital.” Despite the best efforts of the infection control team and everyone else in the hospital, they can persist flammable and infective for a prolonged period of time.”


Cleaning hospitals is difficult because of how long the fungus remains on surfaces, said Megan Lehman, a medical officer at the CDC and lead author of the paper. It claimed that many disinfectants frequently used in healthcare facilities are ineffective against these fungi.

These difficulties have been exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic as healthcare providers have struggled to treat an influx of patients while also trying to control respiratory transmission of the virus.


In 2016, authorities in the United States found Candida for the first time. Because the fungus is resistant to many types of antifungal drugs, it is viewed as a serious threat to public health globally. Resistance to echinocandins, which are often the initial treatment used, remains uncommon in the United States, but experts are concerned that a small but growing number of individuals are developing resistance to this class of drugs.


More than half of the states have already confirmed the presence of the fungus, with 17 states reporting their first cases between 2019 and 2021. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the majority of spread has occurred in long-term acute care hospitals and skilled nursing teams. Institutions, where patients are more likely to use ventilators. Because testing requires specialized equipment and is performed inconsistently across the United States, case numbers are likely underestimated.


Infections of the bloodstream, heart, and brain caused by Candida can be fatal. The CDC does not track the number of deaths, and it can be difficult to determine the cause of death because the most vulnerable patients are often already in critical condition.

The discovery of the fungus more than a decade ago in South Africa, South America and India has baffled scientists


One popular idea is that Candida is now able to do this because it has evolved to exist in a warmer world. Fungi often cannot resist the warmth of the human body.


“This is how climate change or global warming may bring diseases, because organisms in the environment must adapt to survive and therefore have the potential to thrive in humans,” says Arturo Casadevall, a microbiologist at Johns Hopkins College. Bloomberg Public Health who studied mushrooms.


The program is credited by experts with reviving interest in fungal diseases, which had previously been overshadowed by viral and bacterial infections as pathogens captured the public's attention. Despite its potentially fatal effects, the CDC emphasizes that hospitals can control the spread of Candida if they prioritize surveillance, hand hygiene, and thorough cleaning with appropriate disinfectants.

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